WMI Test 1
This test checks that requests are reaching WMI.
Run this test from the Windows server being monitored.
- Click Control Panel | Administrative Tools | Event Viewer to open the Event Viewer.
- Click View | Show Analytic and Debug Logs to select this menu option.
- Click Applications and Service Logs
- Click to expand Microsoft | Windows | WMI-Activity
- Right click Trace | Enable Log.
To save log entries, right click Trace | Save All Events As.
- If nothing is displayed then the request never reached WMI. The issue is a security or networking issue.
If events with error messages are displayed then those events can be investigated. If you encounter WMI errors, see the WMI errors topic on this page.
WMI Test 2
This test checks that Microsoft tools can connect to WMI.
Run this test from the Spotlight Cloud Diagnostic Server.
- Login to the Spotlight Cloud Diagnostic Server host under the account used to run the Spotlight Cloud Diagnostic Server service.
- Click Control Panel | Administrative Tools | Computer Management.
- Right click Computer Management (Local) | Connect to another computer.
- Specify the \HOSTNAME where HOSTNAME is the name of machine you want to monitor with Spotlight Cloud.
- Click Services and Applications.
- Right click WMI Control | Properties to open the WMI Control Properties dialog.
- Ensure the General tab is open.
If successful, try to monitor HOSTNAME with Spotlight Cloud again.
WMI Test 3
This test checks that WMI is working and returns data properly.
If you encounter WMI errors, see the WMI errors topic on this page.
Run this command on the machine you want to monitor. Run this command locally from the command prompt.
wmic path Win32_PerfRawData_PerfDisk_LogicalDisk get FreeMegabytes
Run either of the following commands on the Spotlight Cloud Diagnostic Server.
wmic /node: HOSTNAME /user: DOMAIN\USER path Win32_OperatingSystem get BuildNumber, Caption, CSDVersion, Version
wmic /node: HOSTNAME /user: DOMAIN\USER path Win32_PerfRawData_PerfDisk_LogicalDisk get FreeMegabytes
|HOSTNAME||Identify the host computer you want to monitor with Spotlight Cloud. Use the fully qualified domain name, machine name or IP-address.|
|DOMAIN\USER||Valid Windows login credentials.|
You may want to consider a WMI Diagnostic Utility provided by Microsoft. It is a utility to help system administrators diagnose and repair problems with the WMI service. See: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=7684.
The following is a guide to troubleshooting WMI errors.
The RPC server is unavailable.
Spotlight Cloud is not able to establish a connection with the Windows server to be monitored.
Exception from HRESULT: 0x800706BA
Verify the following:
The address of the server is entered correctly.
Verify correct host name or IP address. For more information, see Windows Server Connection Details. Verify the host is available (not currently shut down).
The Remote Procedure Call (RPC) service is running on the Windows server to be monitored.
Verity that “Remote Procedure Call (RPC)” is running and set to auto start after restart.
TCP Port 135 is open to internal traffic on the Spotlight Cloud Diagnostic Server and the Windows server to be monitored.
WMI opens an undetermined port in addition to port 135. This can be troublesome in a firewalled environment. Specifying a port range for WMI is recommended for this type of environment. For more information, see How to limit the number of ports used by WMI.
The Windows server to be monitored is not blocked by the firewall.
Either configure WMI to use a fixed ports range (For more information, see How to limit the number of ports used by WMI.) or enable remote administration exception.
Follow these steps to enable remote administration exception.
On the Windows server to be monitored:
- Open the Group Policy Object Editor (gpedit.msc), open Computer Configuration | Administrative Templates | Network | Network Connections | Windows Firewall
- Open either Domain Profile or Standard Profile, depending on which profile you want to configure.
- Enable the following exceptions: “Allow Remote Administration Exception” and “Allow File and Printer Sharing Exception”.
The “TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper” service is running.
Verity that “TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper” is running and set to auto start after restart.
The “Windows Management Instrumentation” service is running on the Windows server to be monitored.
Verity that “Windows Management Instrumentation” is running and set to auto start after restart.
Access is denied. Exception from HRESULT: 0x80070005 (E_ACCESSDENIED)
The Windows user specified is unknown to the Windows server or does not have administrator rights.
For more information, see How to configure WMI with minimum required user permissions.
WMI connection time outs
The timeout value defaults to the value DCOM specifies (usually 60 seconds).
You can adjust this value via dcomcnfg.exe
WMI query failed: Invalid class. [0x80041010]
The WMI class does not exist on the Windows server being monitored.
Solution: Recreate the WMI classes.
Open a command prompt window and run the command wmiadap /f to recreate the WMI classes.
WMI query failed: Invalid query. [0x80041017]
The columns returned by the WMI class are incomplete or unexpected.
Solution: On the Windows server to be monitored, update the WMI classes by running the following command at the command prompt: wmiadap.exe /f
See https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa394603(v=vs.85).aspx for more information.
0x80014064 User credentials cannot be used for local connections
This error occurs when wmic command is executed locally on the target machine and credentials specified
The paging file is too small for this operation to complete. For Windows Server 2008 R2 you may find the following link useful: https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/kevinholman/2010/06/09/wmi-leaks-memory-on-server-2008-r2-monitored-agents/
WMI query failed: Out of memory. [0x80041006]
- At the command prompt run “wbemtest”
- Connect to the “root” namespace (not “root\default”, just “root”)
- Click Open Instance. Specify “__ProviderHostQuotaConfiguration=@”
- Select Local Only for easier readability. You will see the threshold values.
- Increase the MemoryPerHost value to something greater. For example, double it (256 MB)
- Save Property
- Save Object
- Click Exit.
- Restart WMI services.
The wmic command has attempted to access a WMI class that does not exist.
Solution: Check the spelling of parameters on the wmic command.
Invalid Global Switch
The specified host, user or domain name contains special characters like ‘-’ or ‘/’.
Solution: Modify the command by adding quotation marks.
wmic /node: “MonHostFQDN” /user: “DOMAIN\USER” path Win32_PerfRawData_PerfDisk_LogicalDisk get FreeMegabytes